The Cesaredas plateau is a limestone territory dating back about 140 million years, which arises as an extension of the Aire/Montejunto mountain system. The highest point of the Plateau is 164 m above sea level and the lowest is 32 m. Jurassic period formations predominate, with limestone being the only type of rock to be found. The rocks reflect unique species of fossil invertebrates from the Middle and Upper Jurassic periods.
Along the Cesaredas Plateau, a vast terrain and several caverns and caves, which enclose an important archaeological collection, can be observed. As regards the history of the area, the existence of prehistoric vestiges, the Roman occupation between the 2nd century B.C. and the 5th century A.D. and the historic Battle of Roliça during the Napoleonic invasions, have to be mentioned. Legend and popular beliefs associate it with Caesar’s armies’ military camps, royal hunts and the forbidden love affair between King Pedro I and Inês de Castro.
This is also an excellent place for birdwatching.